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- Anthropogenic is humans impact on nature. Environmental science can help understand anthropogenic effects on the environment because it gives us more of a sense of what is actually going on in the environment. Honestly it is easy to just think about yourself and never worry about what is going on in the environment, but when you learn about it in class, you see how it is like everywhere, not just where you live. We have watched videos about how humans are ruining the environment by littering, wasting water, overusing power and ending up melting the environment. We have talked about logging and deforestation and how it kills animals and plant species and forces them to become endangered and possibly extinct, as well as the uses of pesticides and herbicides in farming that can cause runoff into the environment. It opens our eyes and possibly changes our outlook on the way we as human use and abuse our environment.
2. The CCCma researches modeling and components for the climate change. The IPPC is the governmental organization for studying the science related to climate change and why it happens. PARC is a government organization formed to research climate change in relation to prairie provinces and to help predict the adaptations to climate needed in the future. All 3 organizations are studying different anthropogenic effects such as logging and clear cutting forests. They basically believe that anthropogenic climate change is the main concern and that we are melting away our earth piece by piece and eventually it will fail us.
3. The planet is warming, and will continue to warm as the time goes on. Since the industrial revolution, the greenhouse gases have almost doubled in use. The emission of theses gases can come from humans or natural things the only thing that matters is that our temperature is going to rise. The average global surface temperature has rose 0.6-0.9 degrees Celsius in 1906 and 2005. The rate of temperature has nearly doubled in the last 50 years. It is almost certain the world’s temperatures will begin to warm. In 1880 the global mean surface temperature was -0.2 degrees Celsius, and by 2000 it had spiked all the way to +0.7 degrees Celsius. CO2 levels have increased 39% and methane levels have increased 129% as of 2009. Based on the scales I have reviewed, it is fair to say that I believe the world will continue warming.
4. Over the next 30 years, the vulnerability climate change index puts 16 countries in the extreme risk category including Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. It is said that these countries are attracting high levels of foreign investment and their climate change vulnerability with rise because of more air pollution, and the rise of air temperature, precipitation and humidity. The northern hemisphere is warming faster than the southern hemisphere with some of the most warming rates in the Arctic because the ice is thinning and shrinking. The southern hemisphere (equilateral) is the opposite, they are not getting enough rain and water in April and May which is causing them to be left in a constant drought and not be able to get enough moisture, because when it does rain the earth collects it so fast because it is so dry that it’s like it didn’t even rain. This is also the reason for the increase in tropical storms in those areas. The climate warming will have a large impact on the daily lives of the people living in the arctic such as the water level rising and wiping out civilization, fisheries may close down, the gulf stream will halt which will give the Arctic even warmer water which doesn’t help because the glaciers and ice is already melting.
5. The temperature can fluctuate and one of the reason for that would be due to the predictable cylindrical events such as day/night, summer/winter as well as things like unpredictable wind patterns and precipitation patterns. Usually warming is increased in land rather than oceans because water is slower to absorb and release heat. Humans also have a large impact on warming the planet especially since the industrial revolution when we started burning fossil fuels. The burning of the fossil fuels warms the planet every time they are used as well as emitting CO2 into the air and it builds up on the planet and causes warming. Humans are the main reason for the heating of the planet and the reasons for global warming to become such a important topic yet a lot of people just brush it off as nothing.
- My environment is usually a fun and happy place to be, but everyone has there bad days. I interact with the environment in many ways. Living on a farm has me outside no matter the weather. I am outside taking care of my animals, working with my horses and 4-H calves or just doing yard and barn work. The environment is a huge part of mine and my families day to day lives. We grow crops to feed and pay for our families. Those crops need to be tended to from the time they go into the ground until the time they are safely in the bins. We also raise charolais beef cattle, so the cattle need to be fed grain and hay everyday and when it comes time, sold, calved or penned into different areas. I also interact with the environment in fun ways like ski-dooing, bike riding and swimming. My environment looks like late spring, early summer like June. the weather has warmed up but its not too hot that I will get sunburnt (which is always a struggle for me in the summertime) June is also the time when 4-H calves are fully ready and we get to go to shows. I enjoy the snow, but I don’t enjoy hauling water and feed to pigs and cows when it is -40 plus a wind-chill. I have this background because of the way I have grown up on the farm, my parents and family always say that you have to push through it because you can’t change the weather, but you have to take care of your animals.
2. ~Anthropocentric is the theory that humankind is the central or most important thing of existence, especially as opposed to God or animals.
~Biocentrism is the view that the rights and needs of humans are not more important than those of other living things.
~ Ecocentrism is a point of view that recognizes the ecosphere as central in importance, and tries to fix the imbalance created by anthropocentrism.
~Technocentrism is a value that is centered on technology and its ability to control and protect the environment.
~Ecofeminism is a movement that sees critical connections between the domination of nature and the exploitation of women.
I am probably Biocentric. Even though I do believe that humans are very important in the world, we need plants and animals to live. We need to realize that and treat the environment right. We need to treat the world better and recycle, not litter, etc. We do not buy organic food because we are non organic farmers and do not believe in that. I do recycle and through out my garbage to treat the earth right so we can live and breathe comfortably.
Anthropology is the studies of humans in the past and present. Anthropology links to environmental science because the humans were in the environment when they were living and if there are remains in the environment after the passing.
Paleontology is the study of forms of life existing in past times. Paleontology link to environmental because it study’s the things that lived in our environment before we did.
Oceanography is the study of the oceans on the earth and how they link with physical and chemical processes. Oceanography links to environmental because the oceans are in our environment and they are a big part of the environment.
Petrology is the geographic study of rocks. Petrology is involved in environmental because of mountains, and hills that are formed out of rocks. They are big parts of the environment and important to daily life in the environment.
Taxonomy is the science of classifying birds and animals. Taxonomy links to environmental because animals and birds are a huge part of our environment.
Zoology is the study of animals. Zoology is linked to environmental because the animals need to be in their correct environment to be able to live and strive which is very important to the animals health.
The Flint, Michigan water has been contaminated by lead. The Environmental Protection Agency blamed the city of Flint, the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality and the State of Michigan, saying they are all responsible for the lead poisoning. The water is said to be contaminated by a water source change where lead leaked into the pipes. The fresh water then ran through the pipes and became contaminated.
The ecosystems that use water will now be contaminated as well and a buildup of lead will begin to contaminate the species that are drinking and bathing in the water in Flint. Bioaccumulation could occur and the species of animals could become sicker and sicker and die. Lead in fish accumulates and then begins into biomagnification. The hard metal of lead builds up in the animals tissues like liver and kidneys. The fish will die because of the lead poisoning. The ecosystems will decline if the water is not returned and lead free.